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Liberation of the Netherlands

Updated: Mar 11, 2023





On May 5, 1945, the Netherlands was finally liberated from Nazi occupation after five years of hardship and suffering. Eighty years on, it is important to remember the bravery and sacrifices made by those who fought for freedom and the impact of their actions on the country's history.


The Netherlands was invaded by Germany in May 1940, and soon the country was under Nazi control. The Dutch government fled to London, and the Dutch people were left to endure the brutal regime of the German occupiers. The Nazis imposed harsh laws and regulations, confiscated property, and deported thousands of Dutch Jews to concentration camps. Food and other basic necessities became scarce, and the Dutch people were forced to endure curfews and other restrictions on their freedom.

Resistance movements soon emerged across the country, with people risking their lives to fight back against the occupiers. The Dutch Resistance carried out acts of sabotage, espionage, and propaganda, and worked to shelter and rescue those in danger. These brave individuals formed a vital part of the resistance effort and contributed to the eventual liberation of the country.


The Allies began to advance on the Netherlands in 1944, but the progress was slow and costly. The Battle of Arnhem, also known as Operation Market Garden, was a significant defeat for the Allies, and the country remained under Nazi control until 1945.

In April 1945, the Allied forces launched a massive offensive, and the Germans were forced to retreat. The Canadians were the first to liberate the Netherlands, freeing the town of Zutphen on April 6, 1945. The Dutch people greeted them with open arms, and celebrations erupted across the country.


The liberation of the Netherlands was a crucial turning point in the Second World War. It marked the end of Nazi occupation in Western Europe and paved the way for the eventual defeat of Germany. More importantly, it restored hope and freedom to the Dutch people and allowed them to rebuild their shattered country.

Today, the liberation of the Netherlands is celebrated every year on May 5 as Liberation Day. It is a day to remember the sacrifices made by those who fought for freedom, and to reflect on the importance of democracy and human rights.


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